Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
ABA is a best practice approach for early intervention for children with ASD or related disabilities. Child Matters can assess your child and provide a comprehensive intervention programme based on the principles of ABA. We can then provide you with Therapy Assistants to deliver the programme as well as training parents and carers so you are part of intervention plan.
Early intervention ABA programmes have clear and written goals across all developmental areas (language and communication, social behaviour, play, independence/self care, fine/gross motor etc) and therefore typically all therapy is provided in one programme. Outcomes are specified and measured. This programme is monitored and changed regularly.
A bit more about Behaviour Analysis
Behaviour analysis is a scientifically validated approach to understanding behaviour and how it is affected by the environment. In this context, “behaviour” refers to actions and skills. “Environment” includes any influence – physical or social – that might change or be changed by one’s behaviour.
On a practical level, the principles and methods of behaviour analysis have helped many different kinds of learners acquire many different skills – from healthier lifestyles to the mastery of a new language. Since the 1960s, therapists have been applying behaviour analysis to help children with autism and related developmental disorders.
What is Applied Behaviour Analysis?
Behaviour analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. When a behaviour is followed by some sort of reward, the behaviour is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behaviour analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviours and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.
Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behaviour.
As mentioned, behaviour analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders in the 1960s. Early techniques often involved adults directing most of the instruction. Some allowed the child to take the lead. Since that time, a wide variety of ABA techniques have been developed for building useful skills in learners with autism – from toddlers through adulthood.
These techniques can be used in structured situations such as a classroom lesson as well as in “everyday” situations such as family dinnertime or the neighborhood playground. Some ABA therapy sessions involve one-on-one interaction between the behaviour analyst and the participant. Group instruction can likewise prove useful.
How Does ABA Benefit Those with Autism?
Today, ABA is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism. Over the last decade, the world has seen a particularly dramatic increase in the use of ABA to help persons with autism live happy and productive lives. In particular, ABA principles and techniques can foster basic skills such as looking, listening and imitating, as well as complex skills such as reading, conversing and understanding another person’s perspective.
please contact us to see if an ABA approach would be suited to your child and your circumstances